A Guide To The Different Types Of Pallet Racks
Are you looking to improve your warehouse efficiency but aren’t sure which material is the best pallet rack? You must invest in pallet racking if you own a business.
Pallet racks are great, and the market is expected to grow from $9.41 billion to $10.35 billion in 2022, which shows their demand. They can support vast amounts of weight and may be what you need. Are you considering a pallet rack system for your warehouse space, but you need to figure out what type of pallet lift you’re looking for?
Read on to learn and choose the perfect pallet racks for your business!
The Different Types of Pallet Racks
There are several different types of pallet racks available on the market today. Depending on the size and weight of the items you need to store and the available space, you will need to select the right type of rack for your needs. The most common types of pallet racks include the following:
Selective Pallet Racks
They are the most popular type of rack and are often used in warehouses and industrial settings. These racks feature individual uprights spaced evenly apart, each with horizontal beams that run perpendicular to the uprights. You can adjust the beams to different heights, allowing maximum flexibility and customization.
Drive-in racks offer the highest storage density of any pallet rack system. They are also the most versatile, as you can use them for first-in, first-out (FIFO), or last-in, first-out (LIFO) inventory systems. Drive-in racks are available in single- or double-deep configurations.
Drive-through racks are similar to drive-in racks, but they offer a higher level of flexibility and are better suited for FIFO inventory systems. Drive-through racks are available in single or double-deep configurations.
This type of rack is perfect for warehouses that need to store a lot of heavy, bulky items. They require a high level of initial investment and are less flexible than other options.
They are made of uprights and beams connected to form a rigid frame. The beams can be adjustable or fixed, and the uprights can be either solid or open. Structural racks are very strong and can support a heavy load, making them ideal for storing heavy boxes and pallets.
Double Deep Pallet Racks
They allow for twice the amount of storage space on the same floor. This type of rack is ideal for warehouses that need to store many pallets but need more space for a wider storage system. However, double-deep pallet racks can be more difficult to access, so it’s important to consider your needs before choosing this type of rack.
Carton Flow Pallet Racks
Carton flow pallet racks are designed to store cartons or boxes. These racks use gravity to flow the boxes down the rack’s slope. They are ideal for storing large quantities of small items.
Cantilever Racking System
Cantilever racks are ideal for storing long and bulky materials. They could be lumber, pipes, and tubing, for example.
They consist of two uprights with arms that extend out from the uprights. The arms can be adjustable or fixed, and the racks can be either single-sided or double-sided.
Multi-Tier Pallet Rack
Multi-tier pallet rack is one of several types of pallet racks. It is a system that uses vertical space to store pallets, allowing for more efficient storage. They are common in warehouses and distribution centers.
Pallet Flow Racks
The pallet flow rack is the most common rack designed to maximize storage density. It allows quick and easy access to stored goods.
It consists of a series of rails arranged in a sloped configuration. Pallet flow racks are effective for storage and retrieval speed. However, they can be quite expensive to install and maintain.
Choose The Right Pallet Rack Frames
A pallet frame is a structure that supports a pallet load of goods. It is common to find ones made out of wood. However, you can also find others made of steel, aluminum, or plastic.
Stringer pallet frames are the most common type. They have two or more evenly spaced parallel beams that support the weight of the goods. Meanwhile, block pallet frames have a solid base that supports the goods and are used for heavier loads.
Column pallet frames have two or more vertical posts that support the weight of the goods. These are used for very heavy loads.
Different Types of Pallet Rack Beams
There are several different types of pallet beams used in pallet racks. The most common are tubular, stepped, and keystone.
Tubular beams have smooth, round surfaces. They are often used for storing lighter items. Meanwhile, stepped beams have a series of steps or ridges that runs along their length and is better for storing heavier items.
Meanwhile, keystone beams have a U-shaped profile. They are often used for storing very heavy items.
Pallet Rack Inspection and Cleaning
The rack manufacturer or a qualified engineer should inspect the pallet racking. You can do this quarterly or more often if necessary. These inspections aim to check for signs of damage or deterioration that could lead to a rack failure.
Common indicators of problems include bent, broken components or cracked welds. There may also be missing or lost fasteners and excessive rust and corrosion. So it would be best to ensure that you also have pallet rack protectors installed.
Regular maintenance is essential to ensure your pallet rack system always operates at peak efficiency. It is important to check for signs of wear and tear and ensure all nuts and bolts are tight.
Cleaning pallet racks can also help maintain their condition. To clean your pallet racks, start by removing all the items from the racks. Once the racks are empty, use a broom or vacuum to remove any dirt or debris.
Next, use a damp cloth or sponge to wipe down the racks. Pay special attention to any particularly dirty areas. Once you have wiped down the racks, allow them to dry completely before reloading them with items.
Learn and Get the Best Pallet Rack Options for Your Business
There are many different pallet racks, each with advantages and disadvantages. One type of rack may be better suited for your needs than another. It is important to research and ask questions to find the best pallet rack for your business.
With the right pallet rack system, you can improve your storage density, organization, and picking efficiency. Work with a trusted storage solutions provider to find the best pallet rack system for your needs.
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